Re se re buile maemong a 'maloa a bohlale le ea mesebetsi e metle, esita le ho hlalosa lipatlisiso tse ka beng li hlahisitse leseli liphapang tse ling tsa bohlokoa.
Ka nako e ts'oanang, leha ho le joalo, ho ke ke ha qojoa ho hlokomela ho kopana ho itseng pakeng tsa litlhaloso tsa sebopeho sa thuto; mohlala, litsebo tsa ho rala le ho rarolla mathata li sebelisoa ka tatellano mehopolong e fapaneng le litlhalosong tsa mesebetsi ea phethahatso. Leha ho le joalo, matla ana a mabeli khafetsa a kenya letsoho ho hlaloseng boits'oaro boo ka tloaelo re bo hlalosang e le bo "bohlale".
Ha ho fanoa ka ho tšoana hona lipakeng tsa mesebetsi ea bohlale le ea phethahatso, hoa utloahala ho lebella hore ea pele e ka ba bonyane e boletsoeng esale pele ke ba morao. Ka mantsoe a mang, re lokela ho lebella hore ha ts'ebetso ea liteko tsa ho lekanya mesebetsi ea phethahatso e eketseha, ho na le keketseho ea liteko ho lekola bohlale.
Mabapi le liteko tsa mesebetsi ea bolaoli, bangoli ba 'maloa ba supa hore liteko tse li hlahlobang ka mesebetsi e bonahalang e le thata ho feta (mohlala, Tlhahlobo ea Tlhatlhobo ea Karete ea Wisconsin kapa ea Tora ea Hanoi), Ha li na ts'epahalo ebile ha li na bonnete[3]. E 'ngoe ea liteko tse tsebahalang haholo tsa ho leka ho thibela bothata bona ke ea Miyake le balekane[3] ba lekileng ho arola mesebetsi ea phethahatso hore e be likarolo tse bonolo, 'me, hantle-ntle, ke tse tharo:

  • Thibelo;
  • ho feto-fetoha ha mohopolo;

Ka boithuto bo tummeng bo entsoeng ho batho ba baholo ba maemong a univesithi, bona bafuputsi ba bontšitse kamoo litsebo tsena tse tharo li hokahaneng empa hape ho bonahala li ka arohana, hape ho bonts'a hore ba tla khona ho noha ts'ebetso mesebetsing e rarahaneng (mohlala, Tora ea Hanoi le ea Tlhahlobo ea Tlhatlhobo ea Karete ea Wisconsin).

Duan le basebetsi-'moho[1] ka 2010 ba nkile qeto ea ho leka mofuta oa Miyake le lilemong tsa kholo, mme hantle, ho batho ba lilemo tse pakeng tsa 11 le 12. Morero e ne e le ho bona hore na tlhophiso ea mesebetsi ea phethahatso e ts'oana le se fumanoang ho batho ba baholo, ke hore, ka likarolo tse tharo (thibelo, ntlafatso ea mohopolo oa ho sebetsa le ho tenyetseha) tse amanang empa li bonahala li arohane.
Morero o mong hape e ne e le ho hakanya hore na bohlale ba mokelikeli bo hlalositsoe joang ke mesebetsi ea phethahatso.


Ho etsa sena, bangoli ba boithuto ba ile ba beha batho ba 61 tekong ea kelello ka Matrices ea tsoelo-pele ea Raven, le tekolo ea mesebetsi ea kutloisiso likarolong tse tharo tse seng li boletsoe.

LIPHETHO

Mabapi le sepheo sa pele, liphetho li netefalitse litebello hantle: likarolo tse tharo tse lekantsoeng tsa mesebetsi ea phethahatso li ne li hokahane empa li ntse li ka aroloa, ka hona e pheta, ho batho ba banyenyane haholo, liphetho tse phatlalalitsoeng lilemo tse 10 pejana ke Miyake le balekane.

Leha ho le joalo, mohlomong ho khahlisang le ho feta ke tse amanang le potso ea bobeli: ke likarolo life tsa mesebetsi ea phethahatso tse hlalositseng lintlha tse amanang le bohlale ba metsi ka ho fetisisa?
Hoo e ka bang liteko tsohle tsa mesebetsi ea phethahatso li bontšitse likamano tse kholo (ba ne ba tloaetse ho tsamaisana) ka lintlha tse ngata tekong ea kelello. Leha ho le joalo, ka ho "lokisa" litekanyetso tsa boemo ba likamano tse fapaneng lipakeng tsa thibelo, ho tenyetseha le ntlafatso ea mohopolo o sebetsang, ke ea morao-rao feela ea ileng a sala a amana haholo le bohlale ba metsi (ho hlalosa ka 35%).

HA RE PHETHELA...

Le ha hangata ho amahanngoa le lipalo, bohlale le mesebetsi ea phethahatso li ntse li tsoela pele ho hlaha e le lihahi tse peli tse fapaneng tsa thuto (kapa, bonyane, liteko tse sebelisetsoang ho lekola moaho o mong kapa o mong li bonahala li hlile li metha bokhoni bo fapaneng). Leha ho le joalo, Ntlafatso ea mohopolo o sebetsang e bonahala e le karolo ea mesebetsi ea phethahatso e amanang haholo le bohlale. Leha ho le joalo, pele re ithetsa hore potso e bonolo hakana (mohlomong ka ho nka hore mohopolo o tlase oa ts'ebetso o tsamaellana le bohlale bo tlase le ka lehlakoreng le leng), ho bohlokoa ho nahana hore mehlala e meng ntle le ea "karolelano", lintho li thatafala haholo. Ka mohlala, mathateng a khethehileng a ho ithuta, lintlha tse sebetsang tsa mohopolo ha li bonahale li amana haholo le IQ[2]. Ka hona ho bohlokoa ho nka lintlha tse tsoang lipatlisisong tsena e le lijo tsa bohlokoa tsa monahano, ha re ntse re le hlokolosi haholo ho fapana le ho potlakela ho liqeto.

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