Tsebo ea thuto e ka kenya letsoho haholo molemong oa ho fumana mosebetsi, ho ntlafatsa maemo a motho a lichelete le ho fihlella boemo bo phahameng ba thuto. Har'a tsebo ea sekolo, ho bala le lipalo ke tsona tse amang hoo e ka bang mekhahlelo eohle ea bophelo ba moithuti. Liphuputso tse 'maloa li lekile ho supa mefuta e amanang le katleho libakeng tsena tse peli.

Phuputsong ea haufinyane, Geary le basebetsi-'moho (2020) [1] ba batlisitse kamano lipakeng tsa mefuta e fapaneng le tsebo ea ho bala le lipalo sehlopheng sa baithuti ba 315 ba sehlopha sa bobeli le sa boraro. Barupeluoa bohle ba ile ba hlahlojoa ka:

  • Teko ea IQ (Raven matrices le pokello ea mantsoe)
  • Liteko tse amanang le ho bala le lipalo (ts'ebetso ea linomoro le liteko tsa ho bala)
  • Liteko tse ling tsa kutloisiso (bolelele ba linomoro, lenane la mantsoe ho tšoara ka hlooho, Teko ea lithuto)

Ntle le moo, tšusumetso ea ho ithuta (tekanyetso ea bohlokoa ba lihlooho tse lokelang ho ithutoa), matšoenyeho mabapi le lipalo le boits'oaro ba tlhokomelo li ile tsa batlisisoa.


Bohlale (hammoho le mohopolo o sebetsang) bo felletse paramethara e ka sehloohong ea ho noha lebelo le ho nepahala ha ho bala le tsebo ea lipalo. Boitšoaro ba tlhokomelo, ka lehlakoreng le leng, bo bonahala bo na le karolo ea bohlokoa ho lipalo ho feta ho bala. Ho hloka tlhokomelo, ha ho sebelisoa, ho ka lebisa ho ithuteng butle ha lipalo. Khopolo e 'ngoe eo bangoli ba tlileng ho eona kamora ho sekaseka lintlha ke hore boiphihlelo ba sebaka bo ka ntlafatsa katleho ea thuto ea lipalo; Ntle le moo, liteko tsa visuospatial (joalo ka tlhahlobo ea Corsi) li ka thusa ho utloisisa phapang ea katleho ea lipalo lipakeng tsa bana ba fapaneng. Khopolo ea nako e khuts'oane ea mantsoe e bile eona feela sehokelo se amanang le ho bala (ho nepahala le lebelo), empa eseng lipalo.

Tsebo ea kutloisiso, tlhokomelo ka tlelaseng le thahasello ea moithuti thutong e bonahala e amana haufi. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, khaello ea tlhokomelo e ka bakoa ke taba ea hore seithuti se nang le mathata a thuto kapele kapa hamorao se felloa ke thahasello thutong; ho feta moo, baithuti ba nang le bokhoni bo phahameng ba ho tseba ba tsetela nako e ngata thutong ea sekolo hobane ba na le mathata a fokolang. Ho ea ka pono ena, ho hlokahala hore lithuto li khahlise hape ho be bonolo ho li utloisisa ho boloka tlhokomelo ea baithuti; Ho fumanoe hore baithuti ba nang le mathata a lipalo le a ho bala ba na le monyetla o moholo oa ho ba le mathata a thuto le mosebetsi bophelong bohle ba bona.

Ho na le mefuta-futa e mengata e ka tsamaellanang le mathata a thuto (joalo ka tikoloho eo motho a lulang ho eona, jj.). Leha ho na le meeli ena, boithuto bona bo bula libaka tse ncha tsa lipatlisiso bakeng sa ho utloisisa mathata a thuto ho feta bopaki bo bonolo bo amanang le thuto ea sekolo.

bibiliokerafi

Geary David C., Hoard Mary K., Nugent Lara, Ünal Zehra E., Scofield John E., Mathata a ho Ithuta a Comorbid ho Bala le Mathematics: Karolo ea Bohlale le Boitšoaro ba Tlhokomelo e Ikemetseng, Meeli ea Psychology, 11: 3138, 2020

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